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8th International Conference on Petroleum Engineering , will be organized around the theme “Recent Advancements & Challenges in Petroleum Engineering”
Petroleum Engineering 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Petroleum Engineering 2018
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Petroleum engineering is a combination of innovation, exploration and expansion. This major fuels the world and provides the building blocks for every other profession to effectively carry out its work." Energy is a key component in our everyday lives. A secure energy future requires a balance between environmental impact and affordable supply. Petroleum and geosystems engineers are able to address and solve important issues that will lead to energy security and thus are in high demand. Petroleum engineers increasingly use advanced computers, not only in analysis of exploration data and simulation of reservoir behaviour, but also in automation of oilfield production and drilling operations.
- Track 1-1Exploration
- Track 1-2Latest methods in distillation and refining
- Track 1-3Human Resource Development and Management in Oil and Gas Industry
- Track 1-4Petroleum Advanced Analytics
- Track 1-5Gas Turbine Technologies
- Track 1-6Fossil Technologies
- Track 1-7Petrochemicals
- Track 1-8Soil pollution hazards
- Track 1-9oil markets & prices
- Track 1-10Push suppliers for better pricing
- Track 1-11Air pollution hazards
Generally, crude petroleum is heated and changed into a gas. The hot gases are passed into the bottom of a distillation column and become cooler as they move up the height of the column. As the gases cool below their boiling point, they condense into a liquid. The liquids are then drawn off the distilling column at specific heights, ranging from heavy resides at the bottom, raw diesel fuels in the mid-sections, and raw gasoline at the top. These raw fractions are then processed further to make several different finished products.
Although all fractions of petroleum find uses, the greatest demand is for gasoline. One barrel of crude petroleum contains only 30-40% gasoline. Transportation demands require that over 50% of the crude oil be "converted" into gasoline. To meet this demand some petroleum fractions must be converted to gasoline. This may be done by cracking-breaking down large molecules of heavy heating oil and resides; reforming- changing molecular structures of low quality gasoline molecules; and isomerization -rearranging the atoms in a molecule so that the product has the same chemical formula but has a different structure, such as converting normal butane to isobutene.
Generally, the simplest refineries consist of crude, vacuum, reforming and some hydro treating capacity. The next level of complexity adds cat cracking and some additional hydro treating. The most complex refineries add coking, more hydro treating and hydrocracking.
- Track 2-1Gasoline, diesel oil & kerosene
- Track 2-2Heating Oil and engine oil
- Track 2-3Fuels and Renewables Policy
- Track 2-4Refineries
- Track 2-5Oil and Gas Diversification
- Track 2-6Crude Oil
- Track 2-7Liquefied Petroleum gas
Petroleum geology is the study of origin, occurrence, movement, accumulation, and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels. It refers to the specific set of geological disciplines that are applied to the search for hydrocarbons (oil exploration).
Petroleum geology is principally concerned with the evaluation of seven key elements in sedimentary basins:
A structural trap, where a fault has juxtaposed a porous and permeable reservoir against an impermeable seal. Oil (shown in red) accumulates against the seal, to the depth of the base of the seal. Any further oil migrating in from the source will escape to the surface and seep.
Evaluation of the source uses the methods of geochemistry to quantify the nature of organic-rich rocks which contain the precursors to hydrocarbons, such that the type and quality of expelled hydrocarbon can be assessed. The reservoir is a porous and permeable lithological unit or set of units that holds the hydrocarbon reserves. Analysis of reservoirs at the simplest level requires an assessment of their porosity (to calculate the volume of in situ hydrocarbons) and their permeability (to calculate how easily hydrocarbons will flow out of them). Some of the key disciplines used in reservoir analysis are the fields of structural analysis, stratigraphy, sedimentology, and reservoir engineering. The seal, or cap rock, is a unit with low permeability that impedes the escape of hydrocarbons from the reservoir rock. Common seals include evaporites, chalks and shales. Analysis of seals involves assessment of their thickness and extent, such that their effectiveness can be quantified.
The trap is the stratigraphic or structural feature that ensures the juxtaposition of reservoir and seal such that hydrocarbons remain trapped in the subsurface, rather than escaping (due to their natural buoyancy) and being lost. Analysis of maturation involves assessing the thermal history of the source rock in order to make predictions of the amount and timing of hydrocarbon generation & expulsion.
Finally, careful studies of migration reveal information on how hydrocarbons move from source to reservoir and help quantify the source (or kitchen) of hydrocarbons in a particular area.
- Track 3-1Structural Development And Basin Evolution
- Track 3-2Geomechanics and Rock Physics
- Track 3-3Hydrocarbon Recovery Mechanisms
- Track 3-4Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
- Track 3-5Seismology and Geophysics
Petroleum refining processes are the chemical engineering processes and other facilities used in petroleum refineries (also referred to as oil refineries) to transform crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), gasoline or petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and fuel oils.
Petroleum refineries are very large industrial complexes that involve many different processing units and auxiliary facilities such as utility units and storage tanks. Each refinery has its own unique arrangement and combination of refining processes largely determined by the refinery location, desired products and economic considerations.
- Track 4-1Crude oil distillation units
- Track 4-2Atmospheric distillation unit
- Track 4-3Vacuum distillation unit
- Track 4-4Naphtha cracking plant
- Track 4-5Catalytic reforming, Alkylation and Isomerization
- Track 4-6Distillate hydrotreater & mercaptan oxidizer
- Track 4-7Fluid catalytic cracking & Hydrocracker
- Track 4-8Visbreaker & Coking
- Track 4-9Auxiliary facilities requirements
- Track 4-10Process control, modelling & simulation methods
The oil and gas industry is usually divided into three major sectors: upstream, midstream and downstream. The upstream oil sector is also commonly known as the exploration and production (E&P) sector. The upstream sector includes the searching for potential underground or underwater crude oil and natural gas fields, drilling of exploratory wells, and subsequently drilling and operating the wells that recover and bring the crude oil and/or raw natural gas to the surface. There has been a significant shift toward including unconventional gas as a part of the upstream sector, and corresponding developments in liquefied natural gas (LNG) processing and transport. Upstream Industry has traditionally experienced the highest quantum of Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures. M&A activity for upstream oil and gas deals in 2012 totalled $254 billion in 679 deals. A large chunk of this M&A, 33% in 2012, was driven by the Unconventional/shale boom especially in the US followed by the Russian Federation and Canada. The aggregate value of Upstream E&P assets available for sale (Deals in Play) reached a record-high of $135 billion in Q3-2013. The value of Deals in Play doubled from $46 billion in 2009 to $90 billion in 2010. With on-going M&A activity the level remained almost the same reaching $85 billion in Dec-2012. However, the first half of 2013 saw approximately $48 billion of net new assets coming on the market. Remarkably, the total value of Deals in Play in Q3-2013 nearly tripled over 2009 at $46 billion, in less than four years.
- Track 5-1Upstream sector: Exploration and production
- Track 5-2Downstream: Refining and marketing
- Track 5-3Onshore and offshore oil and gas fields
- Track 5-4Reserve to production ratio
- Track 5-5Service and Supply Companies
- Track 5-6Hydrodynamics
- Track 5-7New Exploration and Licensing Policy (NELP)
Reservoir engineering is a branch of petroleum engineering that applies scientific principles to the drainage problems arising during the development and production of oil and gas reservoirs so as to obtain a high economic recovery. The working tools of the reservoir engineer are subsurface geology, applied mathematics, and the basic laws of physics and chemistry governing the behaviour of liquid and vapour phases of crude oil, natural gas, and water in reservoir rock.
Of particular interest to reservoir engineers is generating accurate reserves estimates for use in financial reporting to the SEC and other regulatory bodies. Other job responsibilities include numerical reservoir modelling, production forecasting, well testing, well drilling and work over planning, economic modelling, and PVT analysis of reservoir fluids.
Reservoir engineers also play a central role in field development planning, recommending appropriate and cost effective reservoir depletion schemes such as waterflooding or gas injection to maximize hydrocarbon recovery. Due to legislative changes in many hydrocarbon producing countries, they are also involved in the design and implementation of carbon sequestration projects in order to minimise the emission of greenhouse gases.
- Track 6-1Reservoir Geology and Geophysics
- Track 6-2Reservoir Monitoring
- Track 6-3Reservoir Characterization
- Track 6-4Reservoir Description
- Track 6-5Reservoir Fluids
- Track 6-6Reservoir Geoscience and Geophysics
- Track 6-7Reservoir Modeling and Simulation
- Track 6-8Challenges in Reservoir Imaging
Crude oil tankers are used to transport crude oil from fields in the Middle East, North Sea, Africa, and Latin America to refineries around the world. Product tankers carry refined products from refineries to terminals. Tankers range in size from the small vessels used to transport refined products to huge crude carriers. Tanker sizes are expressed in terms of deadweight (dwt) or cargo tons. The smallest tankers are General Purpose which range from 10 to 25,000 tons.
These tankers are used to transport refined products. The Large Range and Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCC) are employed in international crude oil trade. The size of tanker that can be used in any trade (commercial voyage between a port of origin and destination) is dependent on the tanker's length and loaded depth and the size of the loading and unloading ports.
The larger ships are used because they reduce the cost to transport a barrel of crude oil. Oil Tankers: Today's cutting-edge tankers are the product of a commitment to safety combined with the power of computer-assisted design. As a result, the new ships traveling the seas are stronger, more man euverable, and more durable than their predecessors.
- Track 7-1Oil Tankers
- Track 7-2Pipelines
- Track 7-3Pipeline Performance Tracking System
- Track 7-4Rail Transportation
- Track 7-5International transportation projects
- Track 7-6Oil Prices and Transportation
Petrochemistry is made of a mixture of different hydrocarbons. Additionally petroleum chemistry contains several more complex hydrocarbons such as asphaltenes. Each geographical location and hence oil field will produce a raw petroleum with a different combination of molecules depending upon the overall percentage of each hydrocarbon it contains, this directly affects the colouration and viscosity of the petroleum chemistry. In extremely large quantities petroleum has been produced a lot of years by natural changes in organic materials. Offering the necessary building blocks petrochemicals allow downstream industries to originate and improve the quality of life. Plant oils will replace petroleum in coming year.
- Track 8-1Colloid & Surface Chemistry
- Track 8-2Process Chemistry & Technology
- Track 8-3Petro chemicals and petro chemical industries
- Track 8-4Nanotechnologies used in oil and gas production
- Track 8-5Organic Geochemistry
- Track 8-6Plant Oils
Petroleum refining processes are the chemical engineering processes and other facilities used in petroleum refineries (also referred to as oil refineries) to transform crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas(LPG), gasoline or petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and fuel oils. Petroleum refineries are very large industrial complexes that involve many different processing units and auxiliary facilities such as utility units and storage tanks. Each refinery has its own unique arrangement and combination of refining processes largely determined by the refinery location, desired products and economic considerations. Some modern petroleum refineries process as much as 800,000 to 900,000 barrels (127,000 to 143,000 cubic meters) per day of crude oil.
- Track 9-1Crude oil distillation units
- Track 9-2Fluid catalytic cracking
- Track 9-3Coking
- Track 9-4Reforming
- Track 9-5Hydrocracking
- Track 9-6Alkylation
- Track 9-7Desulfurization
- Track 9-8Isomerization
Crude and condensate production in 2015 averaged 50,600 bpd, up from 2014 production of 48,800 bpd. The black oil rate reached a high of 51,000 bpd in June 2015, with a yearly average of 46,200 bpd. Several key projects were completed to improve oil and gas production, handling capacity, surveillance, and reduce downtime.
Oil operations successfully commissioned 65 new oil wells. These new wells contributed significantly to the production stabilization in 2015. At year-end, 1007 active oil and gas producers were on production. Total Khuff gas production averaged 1.3 bcfd, with a peak production rate of 1.7 bcfd in August 2015.
- Track 10-1Field development planning and project support
- Track 10-2Optimization Of Well Planning And Execution
- Track 10-3Managing contracts and the performance of contractors
- Track 10-4Logistics for Major Projects and existing fields
- Track 10-5Balancing day-to-day operational priorities with longer-term strategic objectives
- Track 10-6Managing day-to-day operations
- Track 10-7Operating and maintaining existing wells and facilities to high integrity standards
Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Exploration, by earth scientists, and petroleum engineering are the oil and gas industry's two main subsurface disciplines, which focus on maximizing economic recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs. The combined efforts of geologists and petroleum engineers throughout the life of a hydrocarbon accumulation determine the way in which a reservoir is developed and depleted, and usually they have the highest impact on field economics. Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering. Subsequent development training has usually been done within oil companies.
- Track 11-1Oil and gas extraction
- Track 11-2Petroleum and coal products manufacturing
- Track 11-3Production engineering
- Track 11-4 Reservoir engineering
- Track 11-5Drilling engineering
- Track 11-6Petrochemistry
- Track 11-7Industrial power
- Track 11-8Transportation
Petroleum products are materials derived from crude oil (petroleum) as it is processed in oil refineries. Unlike petrochemicals, which are a collection of well-defined usually pure chemical compounds, petroleum products are complex mixtures. The majority of petroleum is converted to petroleum products, which includes several classes of fuels.
According to the composition of the crude oil and depending on the demands of the market, refineries can produce different shares of petroleum products. The largest share of oil products is used as "energy carriers", i.e. various grades of fuel oil and gasoline. These fuels include or can be blended to give gasoline, jet fuel, diesel fuel, heating oil, and heavier fuel oils. Heavier (less volatile) fractions can also be used to produce asphalt, tar, paraffin wax, lubricating and other heavy oils. Refineries also produce other chemicals, some of which are used in chemical processes to produce plastics and other useful materials. Since petroleum often contains a few percent sulphur-containing molecules, elemental sulphur is also often produced as a petroleum product. Carbon, in the form of petroleum coke, and hydrogen may also be produced as petroleum products. The hydrogen produced is often used as an intermediate product for other oil refinery processes such as hydrocracking and hydrodesulphurization.
- Track 12-1Chemical breakdown control Additives
- Track 12-2Viscosity & Lubricity modifiers
- Track 12-3Contaminant control additives
- Track 12-4After market additives
- Track 12-5Oxygenates & Ethers
- Track 12-6Antioxidants, Stabilizers and Anti-knock agents
- Track 12-7Fuel dye & performance enhancing additives
- Track 12-8Racing Formulations: Nitromethane & Nitrous Oxide
- Track 12-9Techno economical feasibility of Petroleum additives
Alternative fuels, known as non-conventional or advanced fuels, are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels, other than conventional fuels like; fossil fuels (petroleum (oil), coal, and natural gas), as well as nuclear materials such as uranium and thorium, as well as artificial radioisotope fuels that are made in nuclear reactors.
Most experts look to alternative fuels and technologies as promising complements to petroleum in the near term and likely substitutes in the long term. If alternative energy sources are to compete effectively with petroleum, they must be price competitive, perform well with existing ICE technology, or be packaged with a new motor entirely, probably an electric one.
- Track 13-1Sustainable Alternatives to Petroleum Based Products
- Track 13-2Biofuel, Biodiesel & Biomass
- Track 13-3Bioalcohol (methanol, ethanol, butanol)
- Track 13-4Alternatives to burning petroleum for electricity
- Track 13-5Alternatives to petroleum-based vehicle fuels
- Track 13-6Alternatives to using oil in industry
- Track 13-7Non-fossil Natural gas
Rising prices, increasing air pollution and scarcity of fuels have forced scientists to look for alternative fuel sources. All energy sources which can be naturally replenished are considered to be renewable energy sources. Most of the times these two terms are used interchangeably. There is some sort of common belief that all renewable energy sources are sustainable and there is no difference between the two terms. However, this is not true. Renewable energy includes all those sources that do not cause any harm to environment and have minimal impact on the surrounding environment. Sustainable is much more a wider term and includes all type of energy sources. Sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, hydropower, wave, tidal and hydrogen are renewable as well as sustainable since they have minimum impact on the environment whereas Nuclear energy is not considered as renewable but it is sustainable as it pollutes the environment. This is the only reason that it is said that all renewable energy sources are sustainable but all sustainable energy sources are not renewable.
- Track 14-1Energy, Infrastructure and Resources
- Track 14-2Environmental impacts of renewable energy
- Track 14-3Sustainability comparisons and measurements methodologies
- Track 14-4Analysis of Green Energy Options
- Track 14-5Industry Trends/Competitive Power Generation
- Track 14-6Alternative renewable sources
When petroleum spills pollute surface waters such as streams or wetlands, individual surface waterways may be closed for travel, swimming, or fishing. Tourism and water recreation can be adversely affected. Oil spills can harm birds, frogs, reptiles, fish, waterfowl, and other animals by direct physical contact, toxic contamination, and destruction of food sources. Petroleum in lake bottoms and stream beds is very harmful because sediment traps the oil and affects the organisms that live in or feed off the sediments. On the surface of the water, water bugs that skim the water surface and floating plants are threatened by oil slicks that spread across the water surface. Shoreline habitats of lakes and reservoirs provide food sources and nesting grounds, which can be destroyed by oil spills.
- Track 15-1Global warming & Climate change
- Track 15-2Greenhouse effect
- Track 15-3Water pollution hazards
- Track 15-4Soil pollution hazards
Health and safety is an important part of any industry, but particularly so in the offshore sector, which is classed as a major hazards industry.
Reducing the number of dangerous occurrences, injuries and hydrocarbon releases remains a top priority and is a key focus of the industry’s absolute commitment to continually improving process safety standards. No other industry puts more effort into improving its safety performance through leadership, communication and co-operation.
Transparent reporting of safety performance and learning from accidents and incidents is achieved through information sharing at many industry safety forums. The industry recognises the importance of joined-up working and engages the workforce and trade unions through offshore safety committees and onshore networks.
- Track 16-1Risk Assessment
- Track 16-2Work-Related Roadway Crashes
- Track 16-3Oil Well Derrick Stability
- Track 16-4Potential Flammability Hazard
- Track 16-5Walking and Working Surfaces and Fall Protection
- Track 16-6Permit-Required Confined Space Entry
- Track 16-7Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders
- Track 16-8High Pressure Lines and Equipment
- Track 16-9Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout)
- Track 16-10Barrier Guard for Drawworks Drum at Oil Drilling Sites
- Track 16-11Education, Training and Professionalism
- Track 16-12Planning and Prevention
Petroleum economics is about how oil and gas activities are driven by economic considerations, and how the values are shared. Just about anyone working with the petroleum sector needs to understand some fundamentals of its economics.
Petroleum Economics has a vital role to play in the Oil & Gas Industry and it lies at the heart of all decision making. Various techniques have evolved over time in determining and calculating economic inputs, evaluating investments, quantifying risk and generating feasible portfolios. Petroleum Economics brings together information and expertise across the E&P spectrum and a clear understanding of concepts such as cash flow analysis, organizational challenges, price forecasting, cost drivers and risk management is required. This training event aims to bring together a wide industry audience including practitioners of economics and decision making, petroleum engineers & geoscientists and offers structured short interactive training sessions on topics such as Economic Modelling, Decision Analysis, Exploration Analysis and Economics of Unconventional Resources.
- Track 17-1oil markets & prices
- Track 17-2Oil Damage and Recovery
- Track 17-3Capital Cost Estimation
- Track 17-4Cash Flow, Depletion & Depreciation
- Track 17-5Profitability
- Track 17-6Energy efficiency
- Track 17-7Energy economics